Fifthgeneration languages artificial intelligence languages

Fifth-generation languages were characterised by artificial intelligence (AI). The term 'fifth-generation' became established during the 1980s. These languages are not, contrary to popular belief, the sequel to 4GLs. AI languages use a different paradigm to previous generations. Previous generations used the procedural programming paradigm to solve a problem: this paradigm works by knowing 'how to solve the problem'. On the other hand, AI programs use the declarative paradigm: this solves a problem by knowing 'what the problem is' and then using in-built logic programming capabilities to reason facts and draw conclusions. The two most commonly used AI languages are Lisp and Prolog.

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