Error Handling Techniques

When a VBA procedure is running, errors can occur, as you undoubtedly know. These include either syntax errors (which you must correct before you can execute a procedure) or runtime errors (which occur while the procedure is running). This section deals with runtime errors.

For error-handling procedures to work, the Break on All Errors setting must be turned off.In the VBE, choose Tools ^ Options and click the General tab in the Options dialog box. If Break on All Errors is selected, VBA ignores your error-handling code. You'll usually want to use the Break on Unhandled Errors option.

Normally, a runtime error causes VBA to stop, and the user sees a dialog box that displays the error number and a description of the error. A good application doesn't make the user deal with these messages. Rather, it incorporates error-handling code to trap errors and take appropriate actions. At the very least, your error-handling code can display a more meaningful error message than the one popped up by VBA.

Appendix C lists all the VBA error codes and descriptions.

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